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Babadcikunduldalambahasasunda: The Secret Language of the Sundanese People

Babad Cikundul: The Secret History of Cianjur

If you are interested in learning about the history and culture of the Sundanese people, you might want to read Babad Cikundul. Babad Cikundul is a historical poem that tells the story of Cianjur, a regency in West Java, Indonesia. It is one of the examples of babad, a genre of Sundanese literature that contains historical narratives.



What is Babad Cikundul?

Babad Cikundul is a poem that consists of 1,200 verses. It was written in Sundanese language using Arabic script. The author and the date of composition are unknown, but some scholars suggest that it was written in the 18th or 19th century. The poem narrates the origin and the development of Cianjur from the time of its first ruler, Prabu Kiansantang, until the reign of Ratu Mas Ayu.

What are the main themes of Babad Cikundul?

Babad Cikundul covers various aspects of Cianjur's history, such as politics, religion, culture, and society. Some of the main themes are:

  • The establishment and expansion of Cianjur as an independent kingdom that resisted the domination of other powers, such as Mataram and Banten.

  • The conversion of Cianjur's rulers and people to Islam and the role of Islamic scholars and saints in spreading the faith.

  • The genealogy and the achievements of Cianjur's rulers and nobles, as well as their relations with other kingdoms and regions.

  • The customs and traditions of Cianjur's people, such as their ceremonies, festivals, arts, crafts, and cuisine.

Why is Babad Cikundul important?

Babad Cikundul is important for several reasons:

  • It is one of the oldest and most comprehensive sources of Sundanese history and culture.

  • It reflects the values and worldview of the Sundanese people, such as their sense of identity, pride, loyalty, and spirituality.

  • It preserves the linguistic and literary heritage of the Sundanese language and literature.

  • It inspires and educates the current and future generations of Sundanese people about their roots and legacy.

How can you read Babad Cikundul?

Babad Cikundul is not widely available in print or online. However, you can find some copies of the manuscript in libraries or museums, such as the National Library of Indonesia, the Sundanese Cultural Institute, and the Cianjur Regency Museum. You can also read some excerpts or summaries of the poem in books or articles about Sundanese history and literature. However, to fully appreciate Babad Cikundul, you need to have some knowledge of Sundanese language and script, as well as the historical and cultural context of the poem.

How can you enjoy Babad Cikundul?

Babad Cikundul is not only a historical document, but also a literary work that can be enjoyed for its aesthetic and artistic qualities. You can enjoy Babad Cikundul by:

  • Listening to the recitation or performance of the poem by a skilled storyteller or singer. The poem is usually accompanied by music and gestures that enhance the mood and meaning of the verses.

  • Reading the translation or adaptation of the poem in other languages or media. There are some translations or adaptations of Babad Cikundul in Indonesian, English, Dutch, and other languages. There are also some versions of Babad Cikundul in comics, films, or plays.

  • Exploring the places and events mentioned in the poem. You can visit Cianjur and see the historical sites and landmarks related to Babad Cikundul, such as the royal palace, the mosque, the tombs, and the monuments. You can also participate in the festivals and ceremonies that commemorate Babad Cikundul, such as the Maulid Nabi celebration and the Cianjur Cultural Festival.

What are the challenges and opportunities for Babad Cikundul?

Babad Cikundul is a valuable treasure of Sundanese history and culture, but it also faces some challenges and opportunities in the modern era. Some of the challenges are:

  • The lack of awareness and appreciation of Babad Cikundul among the general public, especially the younger generation. Many people do not know or care about Babad Cikundul and its significance for Sundanese identity and heritage.

  • The difficulty of accessing and understanding Babad Cikundul due to the scarcity and fragility of the manuscript, the complexity and diversity of the language and script, and the gap between the past and present context.

  • The threat of losing or damaging Babad Cikundul due to natural disasters, human negligence, or intentional destruction. The manuscript of Babad Cikundul needs to be preserved and protected from any harm or misuse.

Some of the opportunities are:

  • The potential of using Babad Cikundul as a source of inspiration and innovation for various fields and disciplines, such as education, tourism, art, media, and technology. Babad Cikundul can offer new insights and perspectives for learning and creating.

  • The possibility of promoting Babad Cikundul as a symbol of Sundanese pride and unity, as well as a bridge of communication and cooperation with other cultures and regions. Babad Cikundul can foster a sense of belonging and respect among Sundanese people, as well as a spirit of openness and dialogue with others.

  • The opportunity of developing Babad Cikundul as a living and dynamic tradition that can adapt and evolve with the changing times and needs. Babad Cikundul can be interpreted and expressed in various ways that suit the current situation and audience.



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